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Delaware Facts and Information

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State of Delaware Facts

Delaware State Symbols:

  • Delaware State Bird: Blue Hen Chicken
  • Delaware State Flower: Peach Blossom
  • Delaware State Tree: American Holly
  • Delaware State Colors: Colonial Blue and Buff
  • Delaware State Song: “Our Delaware”
  • Delaware State Insect: Ladybug
  • Delaware State Butterfly: Tiger Swallowtail
  • Delaware State Fish: Weakfish
  • Delaware State Beverage: Milk

Delaware State Nicknames:

  • First State: December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first of the 13 original states to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Diamond State: So called by Thomas Jefferson who compared Delaware to a diamond (small but valuable).
  • Blue Hen State: Referring to the official state bird (Blue Hen Chicken), which Delaware Revolutionary War soldiers carried for cockfighting.
  • Small Wonder: A new nickname which honor’s the state’s contributions to the country as well as its natural beauty
  • Corporate Capital: Delaware is well known for business friendly laws which attract corporations to incorporate in the state.

Delaware State Seal:

Adopted on January 17, 1777. Original elements of the seal are as follows:

  • Sheaf of wheat from the Sussex County seal: Signifying the agricultural vitality of the state.
  • Ear of corn from the Kent County seal: Symbolizing the agricultural basis of Delaware’s economy.
  • Blue stripe represents the Delaware River: The central character of commerce and transportation at the time.
  • An ox: Representing the role of animal husbandry to the state’s economy.
  • A ship: Symbolizing the states coastal commerce and ship building industry in New Castle County.
  • The farmer with the hoe: Emphasizing the importance of farming in the state.
  • The soldier (militiaman): Recognized for the protection of American liberties.
  • The state motto: “Liberty and Independence”
  • The state flag.

Delaware History:

  • A Dutchman named Henry Hudson was credited with Delaware’s discovery in 1609.
  • It is named after the Delaware Bay and Delaware River, which in-turn were named after the Virginia governor, Lord De La Warr.
  • The Delaware Tribe of Indians are the Lenni Lenape.
  • The Delaware quarter (1999) was the first produced in the series and depicts the historic horseback ride of Caesar Rodney in 1776.

Interesting Facts about Delaware:

  • The Delaware Memorial Bridge is the longest twin span suspension bridge in the world.
  • The Old Swedes (Holy Trinity Church) is one of the oldest churches in the country still in use.
  • Delaware is one of only five states with no sales tax.
  • More broiler chickens are raised in Sussex County Delaware than any other county in the United States
  • Delaware’s average altitude is about 60 feet above sea level, making it the lowest average altitude of any state
  • Delaware has only three counties – the fewest of any state (which has counties).
  • Washington crossing “the Delaware” refers to the river (from Pennsylvania to New Jersey) and not the state.

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